The ABACUS project is directly aligned with the research challenge of preserving the value of products at end-of-life and keeping them in productive use for longer, part of an Innovate UK circular economy call.
Measures to prevent waste from End-of-Life electric vehicles (EVs) are becoming increasingly important in the global push for low carbon mobility and sustainable manufacture of battery systems. By keeping batteries in productive use for longer, through development of new business models and innovative approaches for the EV battery reverse logistics value chain and remanufacturing process, waste stream reduction of up to 70% is possible.
The ABACUS project was a collaboration between WMG, Jaguar Land Rover, Potenza Technologies and G&P Batteries, co-funded by Innovate UK. The research undertaken in this project underpinned the development of a Business Model Framework to aid decision making for relevant stakeholders at breakpoints in the reverse logistics chain. In addition, WMG designed and disseminated new test standards for capacity, impedance and characterisation of lithium-ion cells to reduce time to test timing and reduce economic barriers to re-use.
The outcome of this innovative approach will be transferred and applied to all new future electrified or hybrid vehicle programmes to enable Jaguar Land Rover to achieve its CO2 targets. Existing jobs will be safeguarded as a result of Jaguar Land Rover being able to meet the challenging future emissions targets. In addition, training of researchers resulted in the upskilling of staff at Jaguar Land Rover, G&P Batteries and Potenza Technologies for testing, teardown, transport and storage of batteries.